Marx assimilated and that may have been his own personal solution to the "Jewish Question", but it was not the solution to the Jewish problem.

IN THE PRINCIPALITY OF MOSCOW and the Russian Empire the presence of Jews was not tolerated since the Middle Ages. Jews were considered the enemy of Christ by Orthodox Christianity and believed to aim at converting Christians to Judaism. The Czars, in their role as Protectors of the Faith, regularly refused permission even for Jewish merchants to enter Russia.

Marx was influenced by Moses Hess (considered the father of Zionist Socialism.), who was a proponent of Jews in "Palestine" as a response to antisemitism and to build a socialist society, and it was Hess who also first introduced the ideas of socialism to Marx and Engels and it is significant because Karl Marx has exercised a greater influence on mankind than any other social philosopher in the last couple of hundred years.

The solution to the anomaly of Jewish existence was the emigration of Jews to, and their concentration in Eretz Yisrael and establishment of a socialist nation.

Marx's paternal grandfather and uncles were all rabbis and his maternal grandfather was a rabbi and his father before him and his father before him. They were all outstanding rabbis. And, they all lived through periods of intense Jewish hatred and Jewish persecutions. There was violent antisemitism in the Rhineland. The intense antisemitism in Europe led Herzl to conclude that one could not be assimilated into a Christian society. Others felt it was their only option.

"Karl Heinrich Marx was born into a comfortable middle-class home in Trier on the river Moselle in Germany on May 5, 1818. He came a long line of rabbis on both sides of his family and his father, a man who knew Voltaire and Lessing by heart, had agreed to baptism as a Protestant so that he would not lose his job as one of the most respected lawyers in Trier. At the age of seventeen, Marx enrolled in the Faculty of Law at the University of Bonn. At Bonn he became engaged to Jenny von Westphalen, the daughter of Baron von Westphalen , a prominent member of Trier society, and man responsible for interesting Marx in Romantic literature and Saint-Simonian politics. The following year Marx's father sent him to the more serious University of Berlin where he remained four years, at which time he abandoned his romanticism for the Hegelianism which ruled in Berlin at the time." - (Source: The History Guide - www.historyguide.org)

Baptism was a
Jew's Social Emancipation

Karl's father was a lawyer and Karl Marx also studied law, history and philosophy at the universities of Bonn and Berlin. Karl was baptized along with his sibling. At that time baptism was a ticket to European culture and the only method of acceptance into Prussian-Christian society for Jews. It was an act of social emancipation. Expulsion or forced conversion (and baptism) were the only options for Jews.

Heinrich Heine, the famous poet/writer was also emancipated by being baptized.

"His name was originally Harry Heine. He had been born into a Jewish family of rather modest means. The name Heinrich was a baptismal name, taken when he was baptized a Christian in 1825. He perceived that as a Jew in those times he had little chance to enjoy the full potential of European life. He designated the baptism as the "Entréebillet zur europäischen Kultur" (the admission ticket to European culture). Heine studied law at the University of Bonn for two semesters. He then transferred to the University of Göttingen. He was forced to leave Göttigen in 1821 after being involved in an altercation leading to a duel. He then studied at the University of Berlin from 1821-1823. In 1824 he was readmitted to the University of Göttingen where he completed his doctorate in law in 1825. It was in 1825 that he converted to Christianity in order to be able to practice law or to achieve a position in the civil service. But he never did actually practice law. His interests throughout his university years were in poetry, history and literature." (Source: German Cultural History)

There have been some Jews, or those with Jewish ancestry, who rejected their Jewish heritage to gain acceptance in a hostile world. A very few may even become outspoken antisemites - but it is more likely, as I have discovered, that many of those claims are simply wrong. They're bogus, urban legends - promulgated over the internet, most often by antisemites - and the interNUT is a rumor mill and perfectly suited for spreading myths and conspiracies. For example, it has often been written (and repeated) that the Nobel Prize winner for literature, Gerhart Hauptmann, was a Jew who "described a brief handshake with Hitler as the `greatest moment of my life.'" The problem with that claim however is Gerhard Hauptmann was not Jewish.

"Without dismissing the effects of Judeophobia in German society, the acquiescence of ordinary Germans in persecution, and the complicity of the military and the bureaucracy in extermination, she concludes that genocide was possible principally because Hitler controlled a ruthlessly totalitarian system and acted under cover of war. Detracting only momentarily from this extremely compelling argument is the dubious contention that Gerhart Hauptmann's vote for Hitler illustrates at least some Jewish support for Nazism (Hauptmann was, in any case, not Jewish) and the equally misleading assertion that some moderate political parties and the Communists "occasionally campaigned on anti-Semitic platforms" (p. 45)." (This comes from The Simon Weisenthal Center, a review: "German Reactions to Nazi Persecution of the Jews", by Donald L. Niewryk which reviews Sarah Gordon, "Hitler, Germans, and the `Jewish Question' (Princeton U Press, 1984, 412 pages)

But we do have Jews like Lenni Brenner, a long time vanguardist Trotskyite writer/Guru with a cultist following by some on the far left, who has made it his personal mission to bescmirch the Zionist project. He is too often quoted for his disparagment of an agreement for what he considers Zionism's "sell-out" to the Nazis. This claim is a sham. It references the "Transfer Agreement" which is best researched and written about by Edwin Black in a book by that name. Did Brenner even read the book? Edwin Black is pro-Zionist and says that this agreement saved 60,000 Jews. That was the reason for the agreement, to save Jews. It did not make any difference if the pact was made with the Devil (and maybe it was); the point was, it saved Jews when the British and the Americans locked them out by maintaining restrictive immigration quotas, when emigration from the Nazis was the only hope for Jews to get out of Nazi dominated Europe.

The purpose of the "collaboration" was an economic accord to save Jews. Yes, it required that those Jews have money, but that is not reason to condemn the agreement. It was a secondary to being able to take as many of Hitler's "unwanted Jews" as could be arranged between the Zionists and the Nazis. The Jews wanted to save all of them and asked their countries to help and their pleas fell on deaf ears. The "transfer aggreement" was an economic agreement so Israel benefited, those Jews, who were saved, benefited, and the Germans benefited. If other western countries had agreed to take the Jews there would never have been a need to have a "transfer agreement" but they didn't so Brenner's disdain for the Zionists would make sense only if he criticized the U.S. and Britain, not the Zionists. I however suspect that Brenner and his slanders will be read by those who are always looking for a reason to discredit the Zionist project. By the way, any project that saves lives is progressive.

The website of the Institute for Historical Review (IHR), which is the official site for these Holocaust Deniers, there you will find Lenni Brenner's out-of-print book "Zionism in the Age of the Dictator". As you probably guessed, this book is about the alleged "collaboration" of Zionism and the Nazis. Brenner reports an incident which has been very often mentioned by the anti-Israel segment of the left and Arab anti-Zionists. One educator/historian, Axel Meier puts it this way:

"In 1942 a small fraction of the revisionist-Zionist Irgun made an attempt to get in touch with the Nazis in order to create an alliance against Great Britain. Their aim was to assist Nazi-Germany in conquering Palestine in order to build up a fascist state there. This incident is supposed to prove that Zionism is actually a fascist movement which started with the colonial conquest of Palestine, collaborated with the Nazis and finally used Nazi-methods to oppress the Palestinian people. Brenner's book is neither based on sources nor does it have any scientifically founded argument. He simply picks from secondary literature what fits best in his context." ...Axel Meier

"I visited the IHR website some three years ago. At that time it had a link to the neo-fascist German-Canadian Zundel-Organisation which is spreading Nazi-websites over the Internet. There's obviously an unholy coalition among anti-Zionists which ranges from left-wing authors to Arab "intellectuals" and to neo-fascist organisations (here in Germany news papers even reported on Arab terrorist groups (i.e. the marxist PFLP) supplying German "Neo-Nazis" with weapons), according to the proverb "my enemy's enemy is my friend"......[ibid]

There are Jews who are the darlings of some of the left because they can always be depended on to provide the kind of propaganda which gets recycled over the interNUT as quickly as it is written. It should be also noted that while they are well known on the left there are not that many of them. The handful of anti-Zionist propagandists are: Lenni Brenner, Simha Flapan, Peretz Kidron, Tom Segev, Avi Shlaim, Maxime Rodinson, Andrew and Leslie Cockburn, Norman Finkelstein, Leon Hader, Edward Herman, and some others. There are also those on the left who support Israel, but not the right wing Israeli government. Israel has a very active left, but it is NOT anti-Israel, it is pro-justice.

Hank Roth

All quoting per the Fair Use Doctrine
for educational and discussion purposes pursuant to
Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, Copyright Law.

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